Nursing

Faculty of Health

Collège universitaire Glendon

Location: School of Nursing, 301 Health, Nursing and Environmental Studies Building, Tel.: 416-736-5271, Fax: 416-736-5714, E-mail: nursing@yorku.ca
Website: http://nursing.info.yorku.ca/
Director of School: Interim Director, Judith Ann MacDonnell
Associate Directors:

Mina Singh, Associate Director, Research

Nancy Sangiuliano, Associate Director, Undergraduate Education

Undergraduate Program Director/coordinators:

Julie Nilsen-Berec (2nd Entry program)

Karin Page-Cutrara (Collaborative program)

Pat Bradley (Internationally Educated Nurses program; RN to MScN program)

Ontario Women's Health Council Chair in Women's Mental Health Research: N. Khanlou
Professors: G. Mitchell, R. Steele
senior scholars: A. Falk-Rafael, S. Lewis, M. Rogers
Associate Professors: L. Beagrie, P. Bradley, J. Choiniere, M. Dastjerdi, M. Fox, J. Jeffrey, E. Jensen, N. Johnston, C. Jonas-Simpson, N. Khanlou, C. Kurtz Landy , T. Lee, L. Lum, J. MacDonnell, C. Mallette, B. Pilkington, M. Rogers, M. Singh, C. van Daalen-Smith
Associate Professors Emeriti: I. Daiski, K. G. Macdonald, A. McGregor
Assistant Professors: C. Kurtz Landy, C. O'Grady, E. Peisachovich, M. Persaud, L. Seto Nielsen, S. Tang, S. Walkerley
Associate Lecturers: R. Cowan, A. Crozier, N. Sangiuliano
Assistant Lecturers: J. Nilsen-Berec, K. Page-Cutrara
Sessional Lecturers: D. Antwi, M. Bertram, M. Gola, L. Nicholson, R. Robbio, G. Ross, S. Skerratt, S. Walkerley

Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BScN) Honours Degree Programs

(Collaborative BScN, 2nd Entry BScN, Post-RN IEN BScN)

The bachelor of science in nursing (BScN Honours) degree focuses on the development of the theoretical, scientific and philosophical knowledge of human caring. The role of nurses, through caring relationships, in promoting and preserving health and healing is emphasized through both theory and self-reflective practice. Graduates will be prepared to practise collaboratively in a variety of settings to enhance individual, family, community and global health.

Exigence de résidence à l'échelle de l'Université

Au moins 30 crédits d’un programme à York et 50 % des crédits exigés dans la majeure et la mineure doivent être complétés à Glendon.

University-Wide Residency Requirement

A minimum of 30 course credits and at least half (50 per cent) of the course credits required in each undergraduate degree program major/minor must be taken at York University.

Exigences de diplôme à l'échelle de la faculté

Faculty-Wide Degree Requirements

Exigences de programme spécifique

Program-Specific Degree Requirements

Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BScN) Honours Degree Programs (Collaborative BScN, 2nd Entry BScN, Post-RN IEN BScN)

The bachelor of science in nursing (BScN Honours) degree focuses on the development of the theoretical, scientific and philosophical knowledge of human caring. The role of nurses, through caring relationships, in promoting and preserving health and healing is emphasized through both theory and self-reflective practice. Graduates will be prepared to practise collaboratively in a variety of settings to enhance individual, family, community and global health.

York-Seneca-Georgian Collaborative BScN Program

Students in the four-year Collaborative BScN program select one of two collaborative partner sites (Seneca College or Georgian College) for Years 1 and 2 of their degree followed by Years 3 and 4 at York University.

Residency requirement: a minimum of 30 course credits and at least half (50 per cent) of the course credits required in the major must be taken at York University.

Graduation: all graduates must complete a total of at least 120 credits with a minimum overall cumulative grade point average of 5.00 (C+), including a minimum grade of 5.00 (C+) in all nursing (NURS) courses.

120 credits including:

  • 60 credits for successful completion of the first two years of the program at an approved collaborative program partner College of Applied Arts and Technology.

General education requirements: a minimum of 12 credits as follows:

  • six credits at the 1000 level in approved Faculty of Health general education or humanities categories approved by the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies
  • six credits at the 1000 level in approved Faculty of Health general education or social science categories approved by the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies

Note 1: Students who have been granted 60 credits for successful completion of the first two years of the program at an approved collaborative program partner College of Applied Arts and Technology will be deemed to have fulfilled the following general education requirements for the Collaborative BScN program.

Note 2: It is required that students complete the general education requirements above within their first 54 credits.

Year 3 and 4 (Completed at York University)

60 credits, including:

Major requirements: a minimum of 48 major credits in nursing as follows:

In addition, students must complete a minimum of six credits as follows:

Note: HH/NURS 3524 6.00, HH/NURS 4525 6.00 and HH/NURS 4526 6.00 have a practicum component. Students need to pass both the classroom and practical components in order to pass the course. If the grade for the practicum component is "fail" then the overall final course grade will be "F". HH/NURS 4527 9.00 is a practicum course for which all aspects must be completed successfully to earn a "credit" in the course. Failure to do so results in "no credit".

Required courses outside the major: a minimum of six credits outside nursing at the 3000 level or higher.

Upper-level requirement: a minimum of 54 credits must be taken at the 3000 level or above, including at least 30 credits at the 4000 level.

2nd Entry BScN Program

This is a concentrated six semester program, requiring students to study in fall, winter and summer terms over two years.

Residency requirement: a minimum of 30 course credits and at least half (50 per cent) of the course credits required in each undergraduate degree program major/minor must be taken at York University.

Graduation requirement: all graduates must complete a total of at least 150 credits with a minimum overall cumulative grade point average of 5.00 (C+), including a minimum grade of 5.00 (C+) in all nursing (NURS) courses.

150 credits including:

  • 60 credits completed at a recognized university prior to admission.

Major credits:

Students must complete a minimum of 90 credits as follows:

Required major courses outside of nursing: SC/CHEM 1550 3.00 and SC/CHEM 2550 3.00.

Upper-level requirement: a minimum of 42 credits must be taken at the 3000 level or 4000 level, including at least 24 credits at the 4000 level.

Note: HH/NURS 1900 6.00, HH/NURS 2522 6.00, HH/NURS 2523 6.00, HH/NURS 3524 6.00 and HH/NURS 4525 6.00 have a practicum component. Students need to pass both the classroom and practical components in order to pass the course. If the grade for the practicum component is "fail" then the overall final course grade will be "F". HH/NURS 4527 9.00 is a practicum course for which all aspects must be completed successfully to earn a "credit" in the course. Failure to do so results in "no credit".

Post-RN IEN BScN Program

These requirements are for students in the Internationally Educated Nurses (IEN) program.

Admission requirements: entry procedures include the following academic and professional criteria:

  1. International education assessed by the College of Nurses of Ontario as "diploma equivalent".
  2. Minimum overall average of C+ in previous nursing studies.
  3. Proof of language proficiency for applicants who do not meet one of the following criteria:
    1. their first language is English;
      or
    2. they have completed at least one year of full-time study at an accredited university in a country (or institution) where English is the official language of instruction. Proficiency in English is demonstrated by a minimum TOEFL score of computer: 230, paper: 573, iBT: 88 or equivalent.

Qualifying period: once admitted, the students will enter a conditional qualifying period comprised of the following York University degree level courses:

  1. AP/WRIT 3900 3.00 - three credits University 3000-level course - Essentials of Professional Writing;
  2. HH/NURS 3902 3.00 - three credits University 3000-level course - Providing Culturally Competent Care;
  3. HH/NURS 3901 3.00 - three credits University 3000-level course - Pharmacotherapeutics.

Successful completion of the qualifying period requires a minimum overall average of 5.00 (C+) at the end of each session to be eligible to continue in the Post-RN IEN BScN program.

Residency requirement: a minimum of 30 course credits and at least half (50 per cent) of the course credits required in each undergraduate degree program major/minor must be taken at York University.

Graduation requirement: all graduates must complete a total of at least 120 credits with a minimum overall cumulative grade point average of 5.00 (C+), including a minimum grade of 5.00 (C+) in all nursing (NURS) courses.

120 credits including:

  • 60 transfer credits for recognition of diploma equivalent education and successful completion of nine credits from the pre-qualifying session.

Major credits: students must complete a minimum of 51 major credits as follows:

Upper-level requirement: a minimum of 48 credits must be taken at the 3000 level or 4000 level, including at least 24 credits at the 4000 level.

Note: HH/NURS 2731 6.00, HH/NURS 4120 6.00 and HH/NURS 4131 6.00 have practicum components. If the grade for the practicum component is "fail" then the overall final course grade will be "F". Successful completion of the practicum course is a requirement in the BScN program. HH/NURS 4150P 0.00 is the practicum for HH/NURS 4150 6.00. If the grade for HH/NURS 4150P 0.00 is "fail" then the overall grade for HH/NURS 4150 6.00 will be F.

Program Course Course Substitutes
HH/NURS 2513 3.00 HH/NURS 3400 3.00
HH/NURS 3750 3.00 AP/ADMS 3740 3.00

School of Nursing: Policy on Involuntary Withdrawal

A student may be required to withdraw involuntarily from a course with a practicum component if:

  1. the student fails to meet the requirements of the course with a practicum component, either through unsatisfactory attendance and/or participation in class or practicum settings, or through unprofessional behaviour in fulfilling course requirements; or
  2. the student's performance is judged to disrupt the functioning of the practicum site and/or jeopardize the well-being of clients of the practicum site, and/or demonstrate failure to meet professional standards for practice currently mandated by the College of Nurses of Ontario.

Following a meeting with the student, the decision to require the student to withdraw will be taken by the director of the School of Nursing on the recommendation of the course director and/or practicum coordinator.

Students have access to the usual appeal procedures in such instances.

School of Nursing: Student Behaviour Policy

The bachelor of science in nursing (BScN) degree is an important determinant of eligibility for registration with the College of Nurses of Ontario. Given the professional trajectory of the BScN degree, a professional standard of behaviour is expected from nursing students. At issue in this policy is the protection of the public and the University's role in graduating competent professionals. The policy recognizes the general responsibility of the faculty members of the School of Nursing to foster acceptable standards of professional behaviour and of the student to be mindful of and abide by such standards.

Progression through the BScN program at the School of Nursing at York University is contingent on students' behaviour meeting the ethical and behavioural standards set forth in the Canadian Nurses Association Code of Ethics for Registered Nurses, the College of Nurses of Ontario Professional Standards, including the Ethics Practice Standard, the York University Code of Student Rights and Responsibilities, and other relevant York University policies including, but not limited to, the Sexual Harassment Policy and the Policy Concerning Racism. Behaviour that may result in withdrawal from the BScN program.

A student may be withdrawn from the BScN program if he or she:

  1. commits any breach of the CNA Code of Ethics, the CNO Professional Standards, the CNO Ethics Practice Standards and/or any York University Policy that relates to student behaviour, such as the York University Student Code of Conduct or the Senate Policy on Academic Honesty that would engage the behavioural and ethical standards of the profession;
  2. engages in any proscribed behaviour in a practicum agency as detailed in the School of Nursing's Handbook;
  3. acquires a criminal conviction after being admitted to the program (or which was acquired prior to admission but became known only after having been admitted to the program) which jeopardizes the student's ability to gain registration as a nurse; or
  4. engages in behaviour that impairs the performance of professional responsibilities.

For more information, on School of Nursing policies, please refer to School of Nursing Supplemental Calendar or visit the School of Nursing website at http://nursing.info.yorku.ca/.

School of Nursing: Length of Completion of 2nd Entry and Post-RN Internationally Educated Nurses BScN Programs Policy

This policy defines time limitations for program completion for the 2nd Entry and Post RN Internationally Educated Nurses BScN programs. Time limitations are important to ensure cohesion and continuity of content, current competence and associated patient safety within the context of professional nursing education. Please refer to the Policy for Undergraduate Nursing Student Leave of Absence for other related information.

These time limitations take into account the programs' compressed structures and plans of study, as well as the frequency of course offerings, and the degree to which nursing knowledge and practice change over time.

Guidelines

1. Length of completion of programs

1.1. The 2nd Entry BScN program is a two-year full-time program (6 consecutive terms*). Students normally must complete this program within four (4) years (12 terms) from the time of admission.

1.2. The Post-RN Internationally Educated Nurses (IEN) BScN program is a five (5) term full-time program. Students normally must complete the IEN program within four (4) years (12 terms) from the time of admission.

*Undergraduate students may only register within a "session" (i.e. Fall/Winter and Summer) as opposed to a "term", and exit decisions from a program can only be determined at the end of a session. All exit decisions must be made coincident with the completion of course work in any given session. Since Nursing students may be concurrently enrolled in courses that span a full session (6 credits) and that are completed in one term (3 credits), discretion regarding the timing of a final decision on student progress, exit from the program or leave of absence may be necessary. The School of Nursing will ensure registration and exit decisions are communicated to the Registrar's Office for application to a student's record at the end of the relevant academic session.

2. Unsuccessful completion of program requirements within the designated timeframe

2.1. A student who is unsuccessful in completing the program requirements within the designated timeframe, notwithstanding approved leaves under the Policy for Undergraduate Nursing Student Leave of Absence, must withdraw from their nursing program. If a student is not able to complete the program within the required timeframe, the exit reason will be coded as: "Ineligible to Continue or Graduate".

2.2. The student may apply to be reinstated to the program, in light of extraordinary extenuating circumstances, for instance, severe illness or personal loss. Reinstatement may require clinical or academic remediation as per the individual student's standing in the program.

2.3. Students who are with withdrawn from a nursing program on the basis of exceeding the time limitations for program completion may pursue admission or transfer to another degree program at the University. 

School of Nursing: Policy on the Length of Completion of York-Seneca-Georgian BScN Program

This policy defines time limitations for program completion for the Collaborative BScN program. Time limitations are important to ensure cohesion and continuity of content, current competence and associated patient safety within the context of professional nursing education. These time limitations take into account the program's collaborative structure and plans of study, the transition of the BScN student to a second campus, as well as the frequency of course offerings, the length of completion requirements in other York BScN programs, and the degree to which nursing knowledge and practice change over time. Refer to the current Policy for Undergraduate Nursing Student Leave of Absence for other related information.

Guidelines

1. Length of completion of programs

1.1. The Collaborative BScN program is a four-year full-time program (eleven terms*). The first two years of the program are completed at one of the College partners, and the last two years are completed at the School of Nursing at York University. Students normally must complete this program within six (6) calendar years (18 terms) from the time of admission.

1.2. Students taking longer than two (2) calendar years to complete the first two program years of the Collaborative BScN degree at the College, notwithstanding approved leaves under the Policy for Undergraduate Nursing Student Leave of Absence, will be advised by the relevant College in writing of the length of time remaining to complete the program prior to transferring to year three of the program at York University. Before each new academic session, the Colleges shall notify the School of Nursing at York University of any such students.

*Undergraduate students may only register within a "session" (i.e., Fall/Winter and Summer) as opposed to a "term", and exit decisions from a program can only be determined at the end of a session. All exit decisions must be made coincident with the completion of course work in any given session. Since nursing students may be concurrently enrolled in courses that both span a full session (6 credits) and which are completed in one term (3 credits), discretion regarding the timing of a final decision on student progress and/or exit may be necessary. The School of Nursing will ensure registration and exit decisions are communicated to the Registrar's Office for application to a student's record at the end of the relevant academic session.

2. Unsuccessful completion of program requirements within the designated timeframe

2.1. A student who is unsuccessful in completing the program requirements within the designated timeframe, notwithstanding approved leaves under the Policy for Undergraduate Nursing Student Leave of Absence, must withdraw from their nursing program. If a student is not able to complete the program within the required timeframe, the exit reason will be coded as: "Ineligible to Continue or Graduate".

2.2. The student may apply to be reinstated to the program, in light of extraordinary extenuating circumstances, for instance, severe illness or personal loss. Reinstatement may require clinical or academic remediation as per the individual student's standing in the program.

2.3. Students who are with withdrawn from a nursing program on the basis of exceeding the time limitations for program completion may pursue admission or transfer to another degree program at the University.

School of Nursing: Undergraduate Student Leave of Absence Policy

This policy for all undergraduate nursing students provides guidelines for absences taken while enrolled in the nursing program. Please refer to the Policy Regarding Length of Completion of 2nd Entry and Post-RN Internationally Educated Nurses BScN Programs for other related information.

Guidelines:

1. Short-Term Absences from On-Campus and Off-Campus Clinical Activities

1.1 Short-term absences are defined as those that range from one day or less, to 2 weeks. All absences from educational activities deemed mandatory (i.e. on-campus clinical activities, off-campus clinical placements) must be approved by the Course Director (CD) and Clinical Course Director (CCD). An unexcused absence will be considered to be a breach of professional conduct, and will documented and brought to the attention of the Course Director (CD) and Undergraduate Program Director/Coordinator (UPD). Possible consequences may involve withdrawal from the clinical activity, or course failure.

1.2 Students will be responsible for making up the missed clinical hours as arranged by the CCD, in collaboration with the CD, the Nursing Placement Coordination Office and/or Nursing Resource Centre, as applies. This will be scheduled at the discretion of the CCD and/or preceptor. Consequences of not making up missed clinical hours may result in course failure. Completion of course requirements ensures achievement of course goals and patient safety as the student progresses in the program.

1.3 An absence of two weeks due to an incomplete Clinical Preparedness Permit will result in course withdrawal.

1.4 For absences that occur due to illness, a Student Medical Certificate is required to support the medical reason. For absences that occur due to other circumstances (i.e. personal loss), relevant and acceptable documentation of the circumstance may be required. Documentation will be forwarded by the CD/CCD to the UPD for filing.

1.5 Emergency and extraordinary circumstances will be addressed on an individual basis. In all other foreseen or planned absences from clinical activities (i.e. religious holidays), students must initiate a request within the first two weeks of the term in writing for an advanced approved absence from their CD.

1.6 Students who are absent from on-campus or off-campus clinical activities for a period ranging from greater than 2 weeks to less than one term should consult immediately with the UPD to discuss progression in the course and program.

2. Absences from Non-Clinical Nursing Courses
For any absences from non-clinical nursing courses, please refer to Faculty of Health and University procedures and Deferred Standing Agreements.

3. Long-Term Absences from the Program

3.1. Leave for Serious Illness or Exceptional Circumstance

3.1.1. Long term absences are defined as those that are at least one term** long. Students are required to apply in writing to the UPD for absences up to three (3) terms (one calendar year), on the grounds of serious health or personal circumstances which temporarily make it impossible for a student to continue in the program. The student must complete the Leave of Absence Request Form no later than 15 calendar days after start of the current term for a planned leave of absence and submit it to the UPD for approval; other timelines will be considered in extenuating circumstances. This approval will be made in consultation with the School's Undergraduate Program Committee or designated subcommittee. Should a student's request be denied, the student has the right to submit a petition to the Faculty of Health.

3.1.2. Leaves of absence granted on the basis of a serious health problem required submission of a completed Student Medical Certificate. A certificate may also be required to indicate that the student is able to resume studies.

3.1.3. All students who have been absent from the program must meet with the UPD before re-entering into the program. It is the student's responsibility to demonstrate eligibility to return to clinical course activity, in consultation with the UPD. This may involve some clinical remediation as per the individual student's academic needs. The completion date of the student's degree program will be extended by the duration of the leave taken, up to the maximum time allowed for completion of their program. Please refer to the Policy Regarding Length of Completion of 2nd Entry and Post-RN Internationally Educated Nurses BScN Programs for additional information. Students returning to clinical courses after a long term absence may be placed on a waiting list for placement. All efforts will be made to place these students.

3.1.4. Once on leave of absence, a student is not registered in the Undergraduate Nursing Program and is not required to pay fees. The coding of the registration status for students who are approved for a Leave of Absence by the School of Nursing in the Faculty of Health will be "Registered as Inactive". While on a leave, students will not attend courses or engage in any coursework. Depending on when the leave begins, a student may retain access to resources of the University, such as using library facilities or computing resources for the remainder of the Session only.

**Undergraduate students may only register within a session (i.e., Fall/Winter and Summer) as opposed to a term, and exit decisions from a program can only be determined at the end of a session. All exit decisions must be made coincident with the completion of course work in any given session. Since Nursing students may be concurrently enrolled in courses that both span a full session (6 credits) and are completed in one term (3 credits), discretion regarding the timing of a final decision on student progress and/or exit may be necessary. The School of Nursing will ensure registration and exit decisions are communicated to the Registrar's Office for application to a student's record at the end of the relevant academic session.

3.2. Parental Leave

3.2.1. The School of Nursing acknowledges the need for individuals to have special arrangements made during their educational program for the purpose of pregnancy/parental leave. The School of Nursing supports a student's decision to take up to a full year for their pregnancy/parental leave(s).

3.2.2. A student may request from one to three terms of leave (i.e., up to one calendar year), which must be completed within one year of the date of birth or custody, or the start of the leave. While on parental leave, a student does not register or pay fees to the University, hence will not have access to resources during that time.

3.2.3. A student must apply for parental leave by completing the Leave of Absence Request Form. The completion date of the degree program will be extended by the duration of the leave taken, up to the maximum time allowed for completion of their program. Please refer to the Policy Regarding Length of Completion of 2nd Entry and Post-RN Internationally Educated Nurses BScN Programs for additional information. Normally, the start and finish of the leave would coincide with the beginning and end of term.

Before re-entering, students must meet with the UPD to plan their re-entry into the program. It is the student's responsibility to demonstrate eligibility to return to clinical courses, in consultation with the UPD. This may involve some clinical remediation as per the individual student's academic needs. Students returning to clinical courses after a long term absence may be placed on a waiting list for placement. All efforts will be made to place these students.

For more information on School of Nursing policies, please refer to School of Nursing Supplemental Calendar or visit the School of Nursing website at http://nursing.info.yorku.ca/.

  • General Information
  • The Faculty offers a range of perspectives on health drawn from natural science, social science, nursing, humanities, management and administration. The Faculty’s vision is driven by the following principals and goals:

    • to promote York’s expertise in teaching, research, and practice in health by bringing it together in one Faculty;
    • to foster the development of new academic programs in health at York that capitalize on existing strengths among faculty members across the University; and
    • to create an academic environment and culture that will support the continual development of novel, innovative and multidisciplinary approaches to health and health care.

    This multidisciplinary approach creates opportunities to explore a wide variety of health issues ranging from public policy decisions to the search for better clinical interventions.

    A variety of methods for studying health and social phenomena is used in the Faculty, ranging from experimental and epidemiological techniques to clinical case studies, oral histories and ethnographic observation. Research focuses not only on hospitals and clinics but communities, homes, farms, schools, factories and the global economic environment.

    Faculty of Health Programs

    • Bachelor of arts and bachelor of arts with Honours, majoring in global health
    • Bachelor of arts with Honours, majoring in kinesiology and health science
    • Bachelor of arts and bachelor of arts with Honours, majoring in psychology
    • Bachelor of health studies and bachelor of health studies with Honours, all majors
    • Bachelor of science and bachelor of science with Honours, majoring in global health
    • Bachelor of science with Honours, majoring in kinesiology and health science
    • Bachelor of science and bachelor of science with Honours, majoring in psychology
    • Bachelor of science in nursing with Honours, all streams
  • Academic Advising and Student Responsibility
  • The Faculty of Health considers academic advising an important responsibility. The term academic advising covers a number of complementary functions related to assisting students, such as:

    • understanding degree and program requirements;
    • understanding Faculty legislation and policies;
    • understanding your grade report and academic standing.

    These functions may vary in their significance to students at different times of the academic year and at different points in students’ academic careers.

    Advising students is a shared responsibility between Faculty of Health schools and departments and the Office of Student and Academic Services. Students should contact these offices throughout the year for advice and information related to their academic career including academic performance, degree programs and requirements.

    Student Responsibility

    Every effort is made to ensure that students in the Faculty of Health have access to sound information and individual advice and guidance. Within this context, and within the framework of Faculty and program regulations, you are responsible for making your own choices about courses and programs.

    Students are responsible for knowing and fulfilling all degree and program requirements outlined in the York University Undergraduate Calendar. Throughout the academic year, students are welcome and strongly encouraged, to consult the Faculty of Health, Office of Student and Academic Services and professional and/or faculty advisers in their school or department.

    Take special care to ensure that:

    • the course(s) you choose do not have a time conflict;
    • the course(s) you choose meet all requirements for graduation;
    • the course(s) you choose meet prerequisites and are not course credit exclusions of other courses already taken or courses for which you have already been given credit;
    • you keep yourself informed about your academic performance;
    • you observe published deadlines, especially add, drop and withdrawal deadlines and refund deadlines;
    • you maintain the grade point average required to proceed in your degree/program of study;
    • you read, understand and adhere to the Senate Policy on Academic Honesty;
    • you read, understand and adhere to the Student Code of Conduct;
    • your student information is kept up to date, including changes to your name, address, phone number, York e-mail address, etc.
  • Academic Honesty and Integrity
  • Academic Honesty

    A central purpose of the University is to teach students to think independently and critically. Cheating and other forms of academic dishonesty run counter to this purpose and violate the ethical and intellectual principles of the University; they are therefore subject to severe penalties.

    The offering for sale of, buying of, and attempting to sell or buy test banks (banks of test questions and/or answers), or any course specific test questions/answers is not permitted in the Faculty of Health. Any student found to be doing this may be considered to have breached the Senate Policy on Academic Honesty. In particular, buying and attempting to sell banks of test questions and/or answers may be considered as "Cheating in an attempt to gain an improper advantage in an academic evaluation" (article 2.1.1 from the Senate Policy) and/or "encouraging, enabling or causing others" (article 2.1.10 from the Senate Policy) to cheat.

    For more information, refer to the Senate Policy on Academic Honesty (see University Policies and Regulations section of this publication or http://secretariat-policies.info.yorku.ca/policies/academic-honesty-senate-policy-on/).

    Academic Integrity

    Students are encouraged to familiarize themselves about issues of academic integrity, positive strategies to improve academic efforts and avoid committing an academic offence. An academic integrity tutorial is located at https://spark.library.yorku.ca/academic-integrity-what-is-academic-integrity/.

  • Rules and Regulations
  • Sessional Course Loads

    The following course loads apply to students in the Faculty of Health. In certain circumstances the Faculty may set other limits.

    Fall/Winter Session

    The normal course load is 30 credits for students in the fall/winter session. Students with substantial family or financial responsibilities outside the University are advised to consider taking fewer courses in a session. Students may take a maximum of 36 credits overall (and 18 credits per term) without petitioning.

    Summer Session

    During the summer session, students may take a maximum of 15 credits. Students with substantial family or financial responsibilities outside the University are advised to consider taking fewer courses in a session.

    End-of-Term Percentage Restriction

    No examinations or tests collectively worth more than 20 per cent of the final grade in a course will be given during the final 14 calendar days of classes in a term. The exceptions to the rule are classes that regularly meet on Friday evenings or on Saturday and/or Sunday at any time, and courses offered in the compressed summer terms.

    Residency Requirement

    A minimum of 30 course credits and at least half (50 per cent) of the course credits required in each undergraduate degree program major/minor must be taken at York University.

    Coregistration in the Faculty of Education

    Students enrolled in the bachelor of arts or bachelor of science degrees offered by the Faculty of Health may apply for admission to the Pre-Service Concurrent program of the Faculty of Education. If they are accepted, they may coregister in the Faculty of Education and upon successful completion of the separate degree requirements of both Faculties will be awarded two degrees:

    • an Honours bachelor of arts (BA) and a bachelor of education (BEd) or
    • a bachelor of arts (BA) and a bachelor of education (BEd) or
    • an Honours bachelor of science (BSc) and a bachelor of education (BEd) or
    • a bachelor of science (BSc) and a bachelor of education (BEd).

    Although the health and education courses are taken concurrently, they are counted separately by each Faculty. Grade point averages for courses in the two Faculties are also calculated separately. Thus, the 30 credits required for the BEd are independent of the 120 credits required for an Honours BA or BSc, or the 90 credits required for the BA or BSc. A student completing the requirements for both degrees would therefore complete a total of 150 credits for the Honours BA/BEd or Honours BSc/BEd or 120 credits for the BA/BEd or BSc/BEd.

    Guidelines for Faculty of Health Supervised Independent Study Courses

    Students may wish to pursue intensive work with a particular faculty member on a topic of study not offered in a particular academic session. The Faculty of Health provides for such independent study courses which can be based on library research, including critical literature review, or on an empirical piece of research. Independent study courses are subject to the guidelines of the schools and department and to the following Faculty regulations:

    • Students may take independent study courses only after having successfully completed 24 credits at York University.
    • The maximum permissible number of independent study courses depends on a student's program type. Students in Honours BA, BSc, BScN or BHS programs may take 24 such credits; students in bachelor programs may take 18 such credits.
    • Within their last 30 credits, students may take a maximum of 12 credits in independent study courses.
    • Students may take a maximum of 12 credits of independent study courses with the same faculty member.
    • The student and the faculty member must agree on a written description of the course, its content, the learning outcomes and evaluation scheme in relation to the overall degree level expectations. Agreed upon course descriptions are submitted to the appropriate unit body for approval.
    • Copies of approved course descriptions must be deposited with that unit. The student and faculty member should each retain a copy.

    Inter-Faculty Double Major and Major/Minor Degree Options

    Students have opportunities to combine a Faculty of Health Honours BA, Honours BSc or Honours BHS program with options available in the Faculties of Environmental Studies, Liberal Arts and Professional Studies, or Science, the School of the Arts, Media, Performance and Design, and the Lassonde School of Engineering.

    Lassonde School of Engineering Options

    Students in the Faculty of Health may combine any Honours Double Major BA program, Honours Major or Minor BA program, Honours Double Major BSc program, Honours Major or Minor BSc program, Honours Double Major BHS program or Honours Major or Minor BHS program with the Lassonde School of Engineering:

    • Students must maintain Honours standing.
    • Faculty of Health degree requirements and program regulations apply.

    Students pursuing an Honours Double Major or an Honours Minor program should note that, in some cases, it may be necessary to complete more than 120 credits successfully in order to satisfy requirements. For further details, consult the Office of Student and Academic Services, Faculty of Health.

    Students in Lassonde School of Engineering may also pursue an Honours Double Major or Honours Minor program with the Faculty of Health. For more information, contact the Lassonde School of Engineering.

    Faculty of Environmental Studies Options

    Students in the Faculty of Health may combine any Honours Double Major BA program, or Honours Major or Minor BA program, Honours Double Major BHS program or Honours Major or Minor BHS program with the Faculty of Environmental Studies:

    • Students must maintain Honours standing.
    • Faculty of Health degree requirements and program regulations apply.

    Students successfully completing this program will receive an Honours BA, Honours BSc or Honours BHS degree. Consult the Office of Student and Academic Services, Faculty of Health, for more information. In order to complete the requirements of the Honours Double Major or Honours Minor programs, it may be necessary to complete more than 120 credits successfully.

    Students in the Faculty of Environmental Studies may also pursue an Honours Double Major or Honours Minor program with the Faculty of Health. For more information, contact the Faculty of Environmental Studies.

    School of the Arts, Media, Performance and Design Options

    Students in the Faculty of Health may combine an Honours Double Major BA program, an Honours Major or Minor BA program or the Honours Major or Minor BSc program in Kinesiology and Health Science with the School of the Arts, Media, Performance and Design:

    • Students must maintain Honours standing.
    • Faculty of Health degree requirements and program regulations apply.

    Students should consult the Undergraduate Calendar's Programs of Study section for the requirements of specific majors or minors. School of the Arts, Media, Performance and Design courses taken by health students as part of these programs are considered out-of-Faculty courses. Students who complete such a program receive an Honours BA or BSc degree from the Faculty of Health. Students pursuing an Honours Double Major program should note that, in some cases, it may be necessary to complete more than 120 credits successfully in order to satisfy requirements. For further details, consult the Office of Student and Academic Services, Faculty of Health.

    All School of the Arts, Media, Performance and Design majors or minors require an evaluation. Depending on the School of the Arts, Media, Performance and Design, this may include a personal interview, an audition, a written exercise, or portfolio evaluation. For information on admission requirements in fine arts areas, students should consult the the School of the Arts, Media, Performance and Design Office of Advising and Integrated Student Services.

    Students in the School of the Arts, Media, Performance and Design may also pursue an Honours Double Major or Honours Minor program with the Faculty of Health. For more information, contact the School of the Arts, Media, Performance and Design.

    Faculty of Liberal Arts and Professional Studies Options

    Students in the Faculty of Health may combine any Honours Double Major BA program, Honours Major or Minor BA program, Honours Double Major BSc program, Honours Major or Minor BSc program, Honours Double Major BHS program or Honours Major or Minor BHS program with the Faculty of Liberal Arts and Professional Studies:

    • Students must maintain Honours standing.
    • Faculty of Health degree requirements and program regulations apply.

    Faculty of Health Honours Double Major BA programs may be pursued with any Faculty of Liberal Arts and Professional Studies Interdisciplinary Honours Double Major programs.

    Students in the Faculty of Liberal Arts and Professional Studies may also pursue an Honours Double Major or Honours Minor program with the Faculty of Health. For more information, contact the Faculty of Liberal Arts and Professional Studies.

    Faculty of Science Options

    Students in the Faculty of Health may combine any Honours Double Major BA program, Honours Major or Minor BA program, Honours Double Major BSc program, Honours Major or Minor BSc program, Honours Double Major BHS program or Honours Major or Minor BHS program with the Faculty of Science:

    • Students must maintain Honours standing.
    • Faculty of Health degree requirements and program regulations apply.

    Students pursuing an Honours Double Major or an Honours Minor program should note that, in some cases, it may be necessary to complete more than 120 credits successfully in order to satisfy requirements. For further details, consult the Office of Student and Academic Services, Faculty of Health.

    Students in the Faculty of Science may also pursue an Honours Double Major or Honours Minor program with the Faculty of Health. For more information, contact the Faculty of Science.

  • Academic Honours
  • The Faculty recognizes student academic excellence in appropriate ways. The following honours are recorded on a student's transcript.

    Sessional Honours (Dean’s Honour Roll)

    • Students taking 12 to 17 credits in a given session who have attained a sessional grade point average of 8.00 or higher.
    • Students taking 18 or more credits in a given session who have attained a sessional grade point average of 7.50 or higher.

    Graduation Honours for Honours Degrees

    Summa cum laude: 8.00 or higher cumulative grade point average

    Magna cum laude: 7.80 to 7.99 cumulative grade point average

    Cum laude: 7.50 to 7.79 cumulative grade point average

    Member of the Dean's Honour Roll: 7.00 or higher cumulative grade point average

    Graduation Honours for Bachelor Degrees

    With distinction: 8.00 or higher cumulative grade point average

    With merit: 7.50 to 7.99 cumulative grade point average

    Member of the Dean's Honour Roll: 7.00 or higher cumulative grade point average

    In addition:

    • medals,
    • scholarships and merit awards,
    • entrance scholarships,
    • renewable scholarships,
    • in-course scholarships,

    are recorded on the student’s transcript.

  • Academic Standing
  • Academic standing depends on several factors which include the number of credits a student has passed, the grade point average achieved during a particular session (sessional grade point average), or the overall grade point average (cumulative grade point average).

    Year Level and Student Progress

    Student progress toward a degree in the Faculty of Health is measured in terms of the number of credits passed (or earned) rather than years of study completed. The year level includes transfer credit. Year 4 applies to students in Honours programs only.

    Year Level Credits Earned
    1 0 to 23
    2 24 to 53
    3 54 to 83
    4 84 or more

    Faculty of Education courses taken by students coregistered in the Faculty of Education are not included in Faculty of Health year levels.

    Honours Standing Grade Point Average Requirement

    Students who have completed fewer than 84 earned credits and whose cumulative grade point average is below 5.00, may continue in a Faculty of Health Honours degree program provided they meet the year level progression requirements as follows:

    Year Level Credits Earned Minimum Cumulative
    Grade Point Average
    1 0 to 23 4.00
    2 24 to 53 4.25
    3 54 to 83 4.80
    4 84 or more 5.00

    The BScN degree program has different requirements, see below.

    Limited Additional Credits for Bachelor Degree Program

    Students in a bachelor program who have passed 90 credits in accordance with Faculty and program requirements, but whose cumulative grade point average is below 4.00 may attempt to raise their average to 4.00 by taking up to 12 additional credits, to a maximum of 102 credits. These courses must be above the 1000 level and must be taken at York University.

    Academic Standing Requirements for Bachelor of Science in Nursing Honours Degree Program

    Students who have completed fewer than 120 credits and maintain a cumulative grade point average of at least 5.00 may proceed in Honours.

    Students at the point of completing 120 credits who have at least a cumulative grade point average of 5.00 and have a minimum grade of C+ (5.00) in all courses used in the major may apply to graduate or continue in the BScN Honours if requirements are not met.

    Entry/Re-entry

    Students who attain the 5.00 cumulative grade point average before completing 90 credits and who have fulfilled the entry requirements may apply for entry/re-entry to the program. Students who have not attained the 5.00 cumulative grade point average at the point of completing 90 credits, will be ineligible for the program. No extra courses may be taken in a subsequent session in an effort to raise the grade point average. All requests for re-entry to the BScN are subject to School of Nursing approval. Some programs may have limited entry. Students may submit a request to enter/re-enter the program to the School of Nursing. All students who enter/re-enter the BScN program must follow the requirements of the program in place at the time of entry/re-entry.

    Program Change

    Students from other Faculties may submit a Program Request Change to enter the program. More information is available at the Program Change Web page (http://www.registrar.yorku.ca/program/change).

    Failure to Maintain Academic Standing

    Advising is recommended. Please refer to the Academic Penalties section, which contains information on program warning, program warning conditions, required withdrawal, reactivation after required withdrawal, debarment warning and debarment warning conditions.

    Academic Standing Requirements for Visiting Students

    An individual who wishes to enrol in undergraduate credit courses, but who do not intend to complete a degree or a certificate may be admitted to York as a visiting student (see the Admissions section for more information). There are three categories of visiting students:

    1. those who hold an undergraduate degree (three-year bachelor's degree minimum) from an accredited university/university-level institution;
    2. those who do not hold an undergraduate degree but wish to enrol in York courses to fulfill the academic, upgrading or professional development requirements of a professional designation;
    3. those who are currently attending another recognized university and wish to take York courses on a letter of permission issued by their home institution.

    Grade Point Average (GPA) Requirement

    Students in categories A and B whose overall cumulative grade point average (OCGPA) falls below 4.00 on at least 24 credits attempted will not be allowed to enrol in any subsequent session as visiting students. Students who are not permitted to re-enrol must apply for re-admission through the Admissions Office.

    Note: repeated course legislation does not apply to visiting students but only to academic degrees and certificates. All courses attempted or taken, therefore, will count in the OCGPA.

    Credit Limits

    Students in category B who have maintained an OCGPA of 4.00 throughout their studies and who have completed 30 credits will not be allowed to enrol in subsequent sessions. They must either reactivate to proceed as visiting students or may choose to apply for admission to a degree or certificate program

  • Academic Penalties
  • Students whose academic record does not meet Faculty or program standards are subject to the academic penalties of academic warning, required withdrawal, debarment warning, debarment and academic probation. Students enrolled in the bachelor of science in nursing degree program are subject to a separate set of academic penalties.

    Academic Warning

    Students whose cumulative grade point average falls below 4.00 at the end of any session, or who enter the Faculty with a grade point average equivalent to less than 4.00 on the York scale, receive an academic warning. Students on academic warning must achieve a cumulative grade point average of at least 4.00 within the next 24 credits taken, or earn a sessional grade point average of at least 5.00 in the session in which that 24th credit is completed and in each subsequent session until the cumulative grade point average reaches 4.00, or be required to withdraw. Students whose cumulative grade point average on at least 24 credits is below 2.50 will be required to withdraw.

    Required Withdrawal

    Students whose academic record shows marked weakness may be required to withdraw from their studies for one year, during which they are encouraged to identify and remedy any problems which may have contributed materially to their failure to perform up to their potential and to reflect on their reasons for pursuing a university education. The following regulations apply to required withdrawals.

    Grade point average below 2.50: Students whose cumulative grade point average on at least 24 York credits is below 2.50 must withdraw for 12 months.

    Grade point average below 4.00 and equal to or greater than 2.50: Students who have received an academic warning for a cumulative grade point average below 4.00 must achieve a cumulative grade point average of at least 4.00 within their next 24 credits taken or earn a sessional grade point average of at least 5.00 in the session in which that 24th credit is completed and in each subsequent session until the cumulative grade point average reaches 4.00; otherwise, they must withdraw for 12 months. Should the student’s cumulative grade point average fall below 2.50 at any time after completion of 24 York credits, they will be required to withdraw for 12 months.

    Petition to continue without interruption: Students who have been required to withdraw may submit a petition to the Faculty of Health Petitions Committee requesting permission to continue their studies without interruption. Students granted such a petition will be allowed to continue their studies on debarment warning.

    Reactivation after required withdrawal: Students who have been required to withdraw must apply for reactivation after the requisite period of absence by submitting a request online at the Reactivation Web page (http://www.registrar.yorku.ca/enrol/reactivate). Students who return to their studies after such a required withdrawal (as well as those who have been allowed to continue their studies by virtue of a petition to the Faculty of Health Petitions Committee) receive a debarment warning.

    Debarment Warning

    Students who have been required to withdraw from the Faculty of Health or from another Faculty at York or elsewhere, receive a debarment warning upon continuing their studies in the Faculty. Students on debarment warning must achieve a cumulative grade point average of at least 4.00 within the next 24 credits taken or earn a sessional grade point average of at least 5.00 in the session in which that 24th credit is completed and in each subsequent session until the cumulative grade point average reaches 4.00, and must then maintain this average. Students who do not fulfill these conditions will be debarred from the University.

    Debarment

    Students who fail to meet the debarment warning conditions outlined above will be debarred from the University. Debarment, the minimum period for which is normally two years, means that the student is no longer a student at York University.

    Petition to continue without interruption: Students who have been debarred may submit a petition to the Faculty of Health Petitions Committee requesting permission to continue their studies without interruption. Students granted such a petition will be allowed to continue their studies on academic probation.

    Reapplying after debarment: Students who have been debarred and who wish to resume their studies must apply for admission through the Admissions Office, http://futurestudents.yorku.ca/, and must provide persuasive evidence that they are ready and able to complete a degree program. Students who are re-admitted (as well as those who have been allowed to continue their studies by virtue of a petition to the Faculty of Health Petitions Committee) receive an academic probation.

    Academic Probation

    Students who have been debarred and who subsequently resume their studies in the Faculty of Health, whether by petitioning to continue without interruption or by reapplying for admission, receive an academic probation. Students on academic probation must meet the debarment warning conditions outlined above; otherwise, they will be debarred again.

    Honours Bachelor of Science in Nursing - Honours BScN (All Streams)

    Program Warning for Honours BScN

    BScN students who have completed less than 120 credits will be placed on a program warning if the cumulative grade point average is at least 4.00 but is below 5.00.

    Students may continue in BScN providing they meet the program warning conditions outlined below.

    Program warning conditions for BScN: BScN students on program warning, within the next 24 credits taken, must have a cumulative grade point average of at least 5.00. At no time may the cumulative grade point average fall below 4.00. At no time may the cumulative grade point average fall below 2.50 upon completion of at least 24 York credits.

    Upon completion of 120 credits BScN students who do not have a cumulative grade point average of at least 5.00 including a minimum grade of C+ (5.00) in all courses used in the major will be ineligible to proceed in the program or graduate.

    Failure to meet the above program warning conditions: Students whose cumulative grade point average on at least 24 York credits is below 2.50 must withdraw for 12 months (required withdrawal).

    Students who do not meet the program warning conditions for their program as listed above will not be eligible to continue in the program and must declare a new degree program to be eligible to continue with their studies.

    Students with less than a 4.00 cumulative grade point average who have completed less than 90 credits must declare a new degree program and will proceed in the new degree program on academic warning.

    Required Withdrawal

    Students whose academic record shows marked weakness may be required to withdraw from their studies for 12 months, during which they are encouraged to identify and remedy any problems which may have contributed materially to their failure to perform up to their potential and to reflect on their reasons for pursuing a university education. The following regulations apply to required withdrawals.

    Grade point average below 4.00 and equal to or greater than 2.50: Students who have received an academic warning for a cumulative grade point average below 4.00 (C) must achieve a cumulative grade point average of at least 4.00 (C) within their next 24 credits taken or earn a sessional grade point average of at least 5.00 (C+) in the session in which that 24th credit is completed and in each subsequent session until the cumulative grade point average reaches 4.00 (C); otherwise, they must withdraw for 12 months. Students will be required to withdraw for 12 months should their cumulative grade point average fall below 2.50 at any time after completion of 24 York credits.

    Grade point average below 2.50: Students whose cumulative grade point average on at least 24 York credits is below 2.50 must withdraw for 12 months.

    Petition to continue without interruption: Students who have been required to withdraw may submit a petition to the Faculty of Health Petitions Committee requesting permission to continue their studies without interruption. Students granted such a petition would be allowed to continue their studies on debarment warning.

    Reactivation after required withdrawal: Students who have been required to withdraw may apply for reactivation after the requisite period of absence by submitting a request online at the Reactivation Web page (http://www.registrar.yorku.ca/enrol/reactivate). Students who return to their studies after such a required withdrawal (as well as those who have been allowed to continue their studies by virtue of a petition to the Faculty of Health Petitions Committee) receive a debarment warning.

    Debarment Warning

    Students who have been required to withdraw receive a debarment warning upon continuing their studies in the Faculty.

    Debarment warning conditions: Students on debarment warning must achieve a cumulative grade point average of at least 4.00 (C) within the next 24 credits taken or earn a sessional grade point average of at least 5.00 (C+) in the session in which the 24th credit is completed and in each subsequent session until the cumulative average reaches 4.00 (C), and must then maintain this average. Students who do not fulfill these conditions will be debarred from the University. Students whose cumulative grade point average falls below 2.50 at any time while on debarment warning will be debarred.

    Debarment

    Students who fail to meet the debarment warning conditions outlined above will be debarred from the University. Debarment, the minimum period for which is normally two years, means that the student is no longer a student at York University.

    Petition to continue without interruption: Students who have been debarred may submit a petition to the Faculty of Health Petitions Committee requesting permission to continue their studies without interruption. Students granted such a petition would be allowed to continue their studies on academic probation.

    Reapplying after debarment: Students who have been debarred and who wish to resume their studies must apply for re-admission through the Admissions Office, and must provide persuasive evidence that they are ready and able to complete a degree program. Students who are re-admitted (as well as those who have been allowed to continue their studies by virtue of a petition to the Faculty of Health Petitions Committee) receive an academic probation.

    Academic Probation

    Students who have been debarred and who subsequently resume their studies in the Faculty whether by petitioning to continue without interruption or by applying for re-admission, receive an academic probation. Students on academic probation must meet the debarment warning conditions outlined above; otherwise, they will be debarred. Students who have completed 120 credits or greater who do not have the required cumulative grade point average of at least 5.00 and/or a minimum grade of C+ (5.00) in all courses used in the major will be ineligible to proceed or graduate.

  • Petitions for Exemptions from Regulations
  • Academic regulations allow you to develop your interests and talents to the fullest in ways consistent with the philosophy and standards of the Faculty. In establishing academic regulations, the Faculty also recognizes that instances will arise where it makes sense, in the context of a student’s academic career, to waive regulations which would otherwise apply.

    Petitions Committee

    The Faculty of Health Petitions Committee considers requests for exceptions to all Faculty regulations, including petitions to continue studies without interruption from students who have been required to withdraw or debarred. The committee will give due consideration to transition difficulties documented by students in their first university year.

    Right to Petition

    Students in the Faculty of Health have the right to petition for special consideration. A petition is a request to waive a regulation: it cannot be used to create legislation (e.g. a degree program) that does not exist.

    Petition Procedures

    Petitions are held in the strictest confidence. The committee considers the petition itself, any supporting documentation from professors or medical practitioners and other relevant information contained in the student’s record. Students may not appear in person.

    Petition Deadlines

    A petition for late withdrawal must be submitted within 30 days of the last day of classes of the relevant course. Requests for deferred standing must be communicated within one week following a missed examination or the last day to submit course work. Normally, petitions will not be considered by the Faculty of Health Petitions Committee more than one year beyond the date of the release of grades for the session to which the petition relates.

    Delayed Petitions

    Should a petition submission be delayed due to extenuating circumstances a student may submit a complete petitions package with an additional written request for late consideration. Such petitions may be considered for a period of up to one year provided they include all supporting documentation and are based on special circumstances. There are no guarantees that any petition will be resolved in time for course enrolment and/or convocation in a subsequent academic session, thus, one should plan accordingly.

    Initiating a Petition

    To initiate a petition, you may obtain a petitions package at the Academic Petitions Web page at http://health.info.yorku.ca/current-student-information/petitions/.

    Petitions must be mailed or hand delivered to:

    Faculty of Health Petitions Committee
    c/o Registrar's Office, Bennett Centre for Student Services

    The drop box is located in the front lobby and is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

    More information on petitioning is available from the Faculty of Health website at http://health.info.yorku.ca/current-student-information/petitions/ or from the Office of Student and Academic Services, 235 Calumet College.

    Dean: P. McDonald
    Associate Deans: M. Fallah, M. Miktorowicz
    Office of the Dean: 426 Health, Nursing and Environmental Studies Building, 416-736-5124